SIXTH LEVEL

Hello children!! Here, I offer you a reading to practice.

The Apollo 11 Mission

The Apollo 11 mission was the first manned mission to land on the Moon. Launched on 16th July of 1969, it carried Mission Commander Neil Armstrong, Command Module Pilot Michael Collins, and Lunar Module Pilot Edwin Eugene "Buzz" Aldrin, Jr. On 20th July 1969. Armstrong and Aldrin became the first people to walk on the Moon, while Collins orbited above.

This mission fulfilled President John F. Kennedy´s goal of reaching the Moon by the end of the 1960s, which he expressed during a speech given before a joint session of Congress on 25th May 1961:

"I believe that this nation shoult commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth.

Each crew member of Apollo 11 had made a space flight before this mission, making it the second all-veteran crew in manned spaceflight history. Michael Collins was originally slated to be the Command Module Pilot (CMP) on Apollo 8 but was removed when he required surgery on his back and was replaced by Jim Lovell, his backup for that flight. After Collins was medically cleared he took what would had been Lovell´s spot on Apollo 11. Although Jim Lovell made four space flights, he never made it to the Moon.

Thousands of spectators camped out to watch the launch of Apollo 11. In addition to the throngs of people crowding the highways and beaches near the launch site, millions watched the event on television with NASA Chief of Public Information Jack King providing commentary. President Richard Nixon viewed the proceedings from the Oval Office of the White House.

The launch of Apollo 11 took place on 16th July 1969 at 9:32 a.m. local time. On 19th July 1969 Apollo 11 passed behind the Moon and fired its service propulsion engine to enter lunar orbit. In the thirty orbits that followed, the Apollo 11 crew saw passing views of their landing site in the southern Sea of Tranquillity. The landing site was selected because it was believed to be relatively flat and smooth and it was thought unlikely to present any major landing or vehicular challeges. On the 20th July 1969, the Lunar Module (LM) Eagle separated from the Command Module Columbia and Apollo 11 touched down on the Moon. Neil Armstrong confirmed that they had touched down safely with the words, "Houston, Tranquillity Base here. The Eagle has landed."

After describing the surface dust on the Moon as "fine and almost like a powder", Armstrong stepped off Eagle´s footpad and into history as the first human to set foot on another world, famouly describing it as "one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."

2009 marked the 40th anniversary of the Apollo 11 mission to the Moon. A group of British scientists interviewed as part of the 40th anniversary events reflected on the significance of the Moon landing:

"It was carried out in a technically brilliant way with risks taken...that would be inconceivable in the risk-averse world of today...the Apollo programme is arguably the greatest technical achievement of mankind to date...nothing since Apollo has come close (to) the excitement that was generated by those astronauts - Armstrong, Aldrin and the ten others that followed them."


Quiz Questions:

1.-How many orbits did Apolo 11 make before landing on the Moon?

2.-Who provided the commentary for the live TV coverage?

3.-Which astronaut never made it to the Moon?

4.-Who was the second man to walk on the Moon?

5.-Which US President watched the mission on TV from the Oval Office?

6.-What did Neil Armstrong say when they touched down on the Moon?

7.-What was the Eagle?

8.-Which US President set the goal of landing a man on the Moon by the end of 1960´s?

9.-Who was the first man to walk on the Moon?

10.-Which astronaut on the mission didn´t get to walk on the Moon?

11.-What did Neil Armstrong say when he set foot on the Moon?

12.-How many crew members did Apollo 11 have?

Wrhite the questions on your notebook and the answers. I will check if you have done your homework on Monday the 10th.
I hope you like it




Reading 2
Hi!! We will correct this reading comprehension next Monday, that is, on the 17th of March




Have you ever heard someone use the phrase "once in a blue moon?" People use this expression to describe something that they do not do very often. For example, someone can say that he tries to avoid eating sweets because they are unhealthy, but will eat chocolate "once in a blue moon." Or someone who does not usually like to go to the beach can say "I visit the shore once in a blue moon. " While many people use this phrase, not everyone knows the meaning behind it.

The first thing to know is that the moon itself is never actually blue. This is just an expression. The phrase "blue moon" actually has to do with the shape of the moon, not the colour.


As the moon travels around the Earth, it appears to change shape. We associate certain names with certain shapes of the moon. For example, when we can see a small part of the moon, it is called a crescent moon. A crescent is a shape that looks like the tip of a fingernail. When we cannot see the moon at all, it is called a new moon. When we can see the entire moon, it is called a full moon. Usually, there is only one full moon every month. Sometimes, however, there will be two full moons in one month. When this happens, the second full moon is called a "blue moon."

Over the next 20years, there will only be 15 blue moons. As you can see, a blue moon is a very rare event. This fact has led people to use the expression "once in a blue moon" to describe other very rare events in their lives.



ever
alguna vez
often
a menudo
someone
alguien
avoid
evitar
unhealthy
no sano
shore
costa, orilla
itself
ella misma
actually
de verdad
realmente
shape
forma
crescent
creciente
tip
la punta
fingernail
uña
however
aunque
happen
suceder
leed/led
conducir, liderar
people
gente







QUESTIONS


1.-Which of the following would be a good example of someone doing something "once in a blue moon"?

-Mary likes to go to the mountains every weekend. Mary goes to the mountains once in a blue moon.
-Tom rarely remembers to take out the trash. Tom takes out the trash once in a blue moon.
-Cindy hates to wash the dishes. Nevertheless, she does it everyday. Cindy washes the dishes once in a blue moon.
-Ming sometimes forgets to do his homework. Mings forgets to do his homework once in a blue moon.



2.-When does a blue moon happen in nature?

-When there are two full moons in one month.
-When the moon has a blue colour.
-When we cannot see the moon at all.
-When we can only see a small part of the moon.



3.-Using the passage as a guide, it can be understood tha which of the following sentences, does not contain an expression?

-Thomas has lost his mind.
-An apple a day keeps the doctor away
-I´ll mow the grass after I finish my homework
-It´s never a bad time to start something new.



4.-As described in paragraph 3, what is another example of something that has a crescent shape?

-your thumb
-a distant start
-the letter "C"
-the letter "H"



5.-In the final paragraph, the author states: "Over the next 20 years, there will only be 15 blue moons." This means that over the next 20 years, a blue moon will happen

-once a year
-less than once a year
-more than once a year
-not enough information is provided



6.-As used in the final paragraph, which is the best antonym for rare?

-common
-strange
-colorful
-infrequent



7.-In the final paragraph, the author writes, "as you can see, a blue moon is a very rare event." The purpose of this statement is to

-answer an earlier question
-provide an example
-support an upcoming conclusion
-challenge a previous statement.




READING 3

Interviewer: Good evening, I hope you don't mind answering a few questions.

Alice: How long will it take?
Interviewer: Just a few questions.


Alice: I guess I can manage to answer a few questions. Go ahead.
Interviewer: I'd like to ask your opinion about consumer electronics. As far as consumer electronics is concerned, which is the most reliable brand?


Alice: I'd say that Samsung is the most reliable brand.
Interviewer: Which brand is the most expensive?


Alice: Well, Samsung is also the most expensive brand. I guess that's why it's the best.
Interviewer: Which brand do you think is the worst?


Alice: I think LG is the worst. I really can't remember using any of their products that I liked.
Interviewer: And which brand is the most popular with young people?


Alice: That's a difficult one to answer for me. I think that Sony is probably the most popular with young people.
Interviewer: One last question, Have you tried using any HP products?


Alice: No, I haven't. Are they good?
Interviewer: I enjoy using them. But I didn't stop you to tell you what I think. Thank you for your time.


Alice: Not at all.


QUESTIONS ON THE DIALOGUE

Which brand is the most reliable?
Samsung LG Sony


Which brand is the most expensive?

Samsung
LG
Sony


Which brand does she think is the worst?

Samsung
LG
Sony


Which brand is she unfamiliar with?

Sony
LG
HP


Which brand is the most popular with young people?

Sony
LG
HP


READING 4


David: How do you like living in the big city?



Maria: There are many things that are better than living in the country!

David: Can you give me some examples?



Maria: Well, it certainly is more interesting than the country. There is so much more to do and see!

David: Yes, but the city is more dangerous than the country.



Maria: That's true. People in the city aren't as open and friendly as those in the countryside.

David: I'm sure that the country is more relaxed, too!



Maria: Yes, the city is busier than the country. However, the country is much slower than the city.

David: I think that's a good thing!



Maria: Oh, I don't. The country is so slow and boring! It's much more boring than the city.

David: How about the cost of living? Is the country cheaper than the city?



Maria: Oh, yes. The city is more expensive than the country.

David: Life in the country is also much healthier than in the city.



Maria: Yes, it's cleaner and less dangerous in the country. But, the city is so much more exciting. It's faster, crazier and more fun than the country.

David: I think YOU are crazy for moving to the city.



Maria: Well, I'm young now. Maybe when I'm married and have children I'll move back to the country.



QUESTIONS ON THE DIALOGUE

Maria thinks life in the city is more interesting than life in the country.
True False


David says that the city is less dangerous than the country.

True
False


The people in the countryside aren't as open as the people in the city.

True
False


The country is quieter than the city.

True
False


The city isn't as expensive as the country.

True
False


The country is healthier than the city.

True
False


Maria thinks the city is more fun than the country.

True
False


David thinks Maria is crazy for leaving the country.

True
False


Maria says she might move back to the country when she is married and has children.

True
False


Life in the country isn't as hectic as life in the city.

True
False



READING 5




Who Did Patrick's Homework?

Patrick never did homework. "Too boring," he said. He played baseball and basketball and Nintendo instead. His teachers told him, "Patrick! Do your homework or you won't learn a thing." And it's true, sometimes he did feel like a ding-a-ling.
external image paw.gif
But what could he do? He hated homework.
Then on St. Patrick's Day his cat was playing with a little doll and he grabbed it away. To his surprise it wasn't a doll at all, but a man of the tiniest size. He had a little wool shirt with old fashioned britches and a high tall hat much like a witch's. He yelled, "Save me! Don't give me back to that cat. I'll grant you a wish, I promise you that."
Patrick couldn't believe how lucky he was! Here was the answer to all of his problems. So he said, "Only if you do all my homework 'til the end of the semester, that's 35 days. If you do a good enough job, I could even get A's."
The little man's face wrinkled like a dishcloth thrown in the hamper. He kicked his legs and doubled his fists and he grimaced and scowled and pursed his lips, "Oh, am I cursed! But I'll do it."
external image caught.gif
And true to his word, that little elf began to do Patrick's homework. Except there was one glitch. The elf didn't always know what to do and he needed help. "Help me! Help me!" he'd say. And Patrick would have to help -- in whatever way.
"I don't know this word," the elf squeeked while reading Patrick's homework. "Get me a dictionary. No, what's even better. Look up the word and sound it out by each letter."
When it came to math, Patrick was out of luck. "What are times tables?" the elf shrieked. "We elves never need that. And addition and subtraction and division and fractions? Here, sit down beside me, you simply must guide me."
external image books.gif
Elves know nothing of human history, to them it's a mystery. So the little elf, already a shouter, just got louder "Go to the library, I need books. More and more books. And you can help me read them too."
external image boy.gif
As a matter of fact every day in every way that little elf was a nag! Patrick was working harder than ever and was it a drag! He was staying up nights, had never felt so weary, was going to school with his eyes puffed and bleary.
Finally the last day of school arrived and the elf was free to go. As for homework, there was no more, so he quietly and slyly slipped out the back door.
external image boywell.gif
Patrick got his A's; his classmates were amazed; his teachers smiled and were full of praise. And his parents? They wondered what had happened to Patrick. He was now the model kid. Cleaned his room, did his chores, was cheerful, never rude, like he had developed a whole new attitude.
You see, in the end Patrick still thought he'd made that tiny man do all his homework. But I'll share a secret, just between you and me. It wasn't the elf; Patrick had done it himself!



What you have to do with this reading is to make:
-Three questions with more than one answer to choose the correct one.
-A list with the verbs you find in past tense.
See you!


///

Hi children, this reading is supplied by Alberto from fifth level. Thank you Alberto!

A Fox once saw a Crow fly off with a piece of cheese in its beak and settle on a branch of a tree.
"That's for me, as I am a Fox," said Master Reynard, and he walked up to the foot of the tree.
"Good day, Mistress Crow," he cried. "How well you are looking today: how glossy your feathers; how bright your eye. I feel sure your voice must surpass that of other birds, just as your figure does; let me hear but one song from you that I may greet you as the Queen of Birds."
The Crow lifted up her head and began to caw her best, but the moment she opened her mouth the piece of cheese fell to the ground, only to be snapped up by Master Fox.
"That will do," said he. "That was all I wanted. In exchange for your cheese I will give you a piece of advice for the future: "Do not trust flatterers."


QUESTIONS:
What did the crow take in its beak?
How were the eyes of the crow, according to the fox?
What advice did the wolf give the crow?